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Summary: Every believer is called to belong to God. Paul indicated to the Christians at Rome that both he and they had the same calling (Rom. 1:1, 6). Likewise, he wrote to the believers in Ephesus that just as there is one Spirit and one body (that is, the church

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Who Is “Called”?

1 Samuel 3:20

Are only certain people “called” by God to do important work for Him, such as the prophet and judge Samuel (1 Sam. 3:20)? The issue of “calling” tends to be confusing, largely because it deals with significance. Sometimes people talk about their day-to-day work as if that alone defined who they are. For example, when introducing oneself, it is common to give one’s name and occupation: “I’m Ricky. I’m a chemist.” “I’m Teresa. I sell real estate.” By this measure, many people assume that occupations such as the pastorate or missionary work are true “callings” that have significance before God, while other jobs are just jobs.

A Task Set by God

Yet even though work is an important, God-given part of life, by itself it falls far short of describing the entire significance and identity of an individual. There are many other aspects to being a person—personal growth and development, family, citizenship, friendships, and faith, to name a few. So to define oneself almost entirely by one’s occupation is inadequate. It tends to place more value on the self than on God; more on activity than on character; and more on success than on relationships. In short, it tends to equate employment with human worth.

The Reformation leader Martin Luther had a phrase that helps to correct this insufficient view of personhood. He said that a person’s entire life was a “task set by God.” In whatever we do—work or play, eating or sleeping, worshiping or relaxing—we have a responsibility to honor God, for He is Lord of all of life.

The Bible and Calling From the Bible’s point of view, “calling” describes all of the responsibility of all believers to serve God with all of their lives:

• Every believer is called to belong to God. Paul indicated to the Christians at Rome that both he and they had the same calling (Rom. 1:1, 6). Likewise, he wrote to the believers in Ephesus that just as there is one Spirit and one body (that is, the church), “you were called in one hope of your calling” (Eph. 4:4).

•tab Every believer is called a child of God. In His love, God brings us into His family (1 John 3:1), through faith in Christ Jesus.

•tab Every believer is called to accept the work of Christ on our behalf. Though we are sinners deserving of judgment, Christ’s death on the cross has “justified” us, made us able to stand before a holy God and receive His salvation and grace (Rom. 8:28–30; 2 Tim. 1:9). For this we have every reason to live lives of gratitude (1 Thess. 2:13).

•tab Every believer is called to become like Christ. Living the life God calls us to involves change in which we take on the character of Christ. That means resisting the temptation to turn away from Him, even though others may encourage us to do so (Gal. 1:6–9). It involves fleeing evil and pursuing good, fighting to maintain our faithfulness (1 Tim. 6:11–12). Just as Christ is holy, so we are to develop holiness in everything we do (1 Pet. 1:15; 3:9). As we pursue Christlikeness, we can do so with the certainty that the Lord is helping us, equipping us for every good work (Phil. 2:12–13; 2 Pet. 1:3–10).


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