Preaching Articles

In a recent New York Times article, Michael Winerip shares some lessons learned from the ravenous fires of 1988 that consumed nearly one third of Yellowstone National Park. Winerip points to a difficult decision regarding forest fires, writing, “If some fires aren’t permitted to burn in the wild, dry tinder builds on the forest floors, threatening damage on a much larger scale when there is a blaze. But if a forest fire goes uncontained for too long, it may grow beyond human control.”

The article goes on to report that park superintendents decided against containing the fire at its early stages, relying on computer models that advocated a laissez-faire approach to seasonal forest fires in order to renew the forest. Unfortunately, by July of that year the fires had swelled beyond human efforts to halt them, and it was not until snow began to fall on September 11, 1988 that the fire abated. This devastating fire has made park superintendents wary of letting new fires follow their natural course for fear of unleashing a similar firestorm.

Fires are regular features of nature—as another recent Yellowstone fire attests—and they are necessary for the survival of a forest, as coniferous trees depend upon fire to heat their cones to bursting, thus spreading seeds for the next generation of trees. However, with rapid deforestation by developers, fires can no longer be left to burn themselves out without seriously jeopardizing the lives of nearby inhabitants. One might go so far as to say that human advancement threatens the livelihood of a forest’s primary means of regeneration.

What, you may be wondering, does this have to do with preaching?

I would argue that preaching faces a crisis akin to that of our national forests in North America: we are so scared that the purging fires will threaten our all-too-human “developments” that we douse fires before they can really begin to blaze. What preaching requires is a hearty conflagration strong enough to launch the seeds of homiletical regeneration so that new crops may take root.

John McClure, Charles G. Finney professor of preaching and worship at Vanderbilt Divinity School, is correct in his assessment that preachers must “rethink what it means to speak sacred words in a world that is experiencing the weakening of all of it metanarratives (even the metanarrative of living beyond all metanarratives).” (1) In particular, preaching requires a renewed imagination at the point at which theology and culture intersect with sermon-related discourse. We might think of culture as a fire that clears away the “dry tinder” that has built up on the floor of our ecclesial forests; it consumes the deadwood for the sake of the forest.

If we are to preserve the homiletical forest vis-à-vis the current cultural realities facing the North American church, we as preachers must begin to question the philosophical presuppositions that fund our words about God amidst the globalized, post-Christendom situation in the West. Many preaching books fail to sufficiently equip preachers to encounter the theological tradition at this point of transition, because they treat only the surface features that cultural transitions manifest—they treat the fire unaware of its importance for the health of the homiletical forest. Such an approach fails because it is incapable of engaging the problem at a more fundamental level.

Today’s preachers face a struggle similar to that of forest rangers: How do we decide how much of the (homiletical) forest needs to be left free to burn and when do we decide the point at which human intervention is necessary?

The task for contemporary preachers and teachers of preaching is to hold these concerns in tension so that we do not allow the fires to burn indefinitely, while also allowing the purging function of culture to have its way with our neatly ordered homiletical forests. This is not an easy tension to live with, and preachers would do well to consider books by contemporary homileticians who are struggling with preaching along these lines, especially:

1. John McClure’s Mashup Religion: Pop Music and Theological Invention (Baylor, 2011)

2. Eunjoo Kim’s Preaching in an Age of Globalization (WJK, 2010)

3. Luke Powery’s Dem Dry Bones: Preaching, Death, and Hope (Fortress, 2011)

4. Thomas Long’s Preaching From Memory to Hope (WJK, 2009)

Jacob D. Myers is a Ph.D. student at Emory University working at the intersection of homiletical theory, poststructural thought and emerging Christianity. A graduate of Princeton Theological Seminary and an ordained minister in the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, Jacob has served churches in Georgia, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. In addition to his doctoral work, Jacob serves as an adjunct preaching instructor at Candler School of Theology and Columbia Theological Seminary and is on the editorial staff for Practical Matters, a transdisciplinary multimedia journal of religious practices and practical theology.

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Talk about it...

Brent Zastrow

commented on Jul 22, 2014

???? Metatnarratives? Can't we talk like real people? That's who we preach to.

Duane Thomas

commented on Jul 22, 2014

I just have one thing to say about this article. WHAT?

Scott Rodgers

commented on Jul 22, 2014

Brothers...have you nothing better to do than tear down another minister.

Jd Anderson

commented on Jul 22, 2014

Scott, I don't think these men have intended to tear down; they are merely expressing the point of the article. We are required as preachers to communicate to our hearers. The reality, "the Forest fire" of the narrative, is the culture being unable to understand our preaching, thus requiring a fresh approach. Ironically, our brother who wrote the article is using a language that most pastors are not fluent in; Doctorate Speak". Without having attended seminary, most will not understand the terminology. It is not beneficial to assume that everyone will understand, is it?

Gary Bellis

commented on Jul 22, 2014

I'm thinking I got lost in the forest

Dr Dave Richardson

commented on Jul 22, 2014

Sorry - I'm not a stupid guy and I have the diplomas on the wall to validate that statement but this article reads like a guy with a Ph. D. trying to show everyone how smart he is and in the process failed to communicate what he was actually trying to say. Come to think of it - that's what happens in many pulpits every Sunday!

Tim Johnson

commented on Jul 22, 2014

The concept that the culture somehow purifies our message or theology would be nonsense. Preaching the language of the culture is true sense, as Paul did on Mars Hill. His surrounding culture did not burn up the useless debris, rather his message of truth and hope defined and regenerated the culture. And he did it using words everyone could understand.

Dennis Cocks

commented on Jul 22, 2014

Whew! I'm glad not I'm the only one who didn't get the article!

Alexander Drysdale Lay Preacher Uca Australia

commented on Jul 22, 2014

No offence but can someone tell me what he is on about?

Stephen Belokur

commented on Jul 24, 2014

Refiner's fire, my heart's one desire, is to be holy, set apart for You, Lord ... that's the fire I need continuously! PTL!

George Warner

commented on Sep 23, 2021

In many words the truth goes by. Say what you mean and mean what you say.

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