Summary: This sermon uses archeology, statistics, and tests of ancient documents to prove the reliability of the Bible.
In Biblical times they blew a trumpet as a call to war.
I COR 14:8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare
himself to the battle ?
The Church needs to give a clear, concise message about the Bible.
Can anyone find a Trumpet ?
Its time to blow the trumpet.
The Bible is a reliable book.
Inspiration - Theopneustos, God breathed.
Verbal - Words, not just the thoughts.
Plenary - All, not just salvation message.
Inerrancy - Autographa is without error
on matters of science, history, and secular matters.
What is at stake ? How do you know you have the true faith ?
The basis of every argument for the faith is "The Bible says..."If the
Bible isn’t the Word of God ....
P - PROVEN BY TEXTUAL CRITICISM (LOWER CRITICISM)
Testing an ancient MSS. to see if it has come to us in basically the same
form in which it was written.
How well attested to are the MSS ?
A) TEXTUAL CRITICISM USES THE BIBLIOGRAPHIC TEST
Since we don’t have the original documents how reliable are the copies ?
1) How many copies of the MSS. exist ?
2) What was the time frame between the originals and the earliest copy ?
Chart - dates of MSS and NO. of MSS.
DR. JOHN WARWICK MONTGOMARY "To be skeptical of the resultant text of the
N.T. books is to allow all of classical antiquity to slip into obscurity,
for no documents of the ancient period are as well attested
bibliographically as the New Testament".
B) TEXTUAL CRITICISM CONSIDERS THE NUMBER OF VERSIONS OF A MSS.
Ancient literature was rarely translated into another language.
There are more than 15,000 copies of various versions other than Greek
C) TEXTUAL CRITICISM CONSIDERS EXTERNAL EVIDENCES
J. HAROLD GREENLEE - Quotations by the early Fathers "...are so extensive
that the N.T. could virtually be reconstructed from them without the use
of the New Testament MSS."
Fathers quote it as authoritative, distinguish between Homologumina and
Chart of Church Fathers.
Not only are the MSS of the N.T. better attested to than virtually any
other writing of antiquity but they are unique in their :
1) CIRCULATION - published more than any other book.
2) TRANSLATION - trans. more than any other book.
1st major translation - LXX 250 B.C.
trans. into 1280 languages.
3) SURVIVAL - Voltaire in 100 yrs. Bible wiped out.
50 yrs. after his death Bibles published on his presses.
4) CONTINUITY - Over 1,500 years
3 continents - Europe, Africa, Asia
3 languages - Greek, Hebrew, Aramaic
Different walks of life
Different socioeconomic times
Speaks on hundreds of controversial subjects with continuity.
Continuity shows reliability.
E) EVIDENCED BY ARCHEOLOGY
No archeological discovery has ever contradicted Biblical reference.
A) SIR WILLIAM RAMSEY -
One of the greatest archeologist - Oxford.
Unbeliever - set out to prove Bible wrong by Archeology.
Critics anticipated, believers feared his findings.
SIR WILLIAM RAMSEY STARTED TO DIG
Followed the path of Luke. Concluded :
"Luke is a historian of first rank; not merely are his statements of fact
trustworthy... this author should be placed along with the very greatest