Summary: Christians get into endless debates about free will, predestination, and once-saved-always-saved, getting lost in the complexity of it all.
Christians get into endless debates about free will, predestination, and once-saved-always-saved, getting lost in the complexity of it all. Quite often, discussions about theological issues boil down to one side pulling out their list of Scriptures proving their doctrine and the other side pulling out their list of Scriptures proving a contrary doctrine, and most often, it is whoever has the most extensive list that wins.
For many, the subject of Predestination is a ‘closed fist’ doctrinal issue, which means they will often point the finger of indignant anger at those who disagree. It is really hard to give someone the finger when the hand is open! There are absolute essential doctrines in Christianity, but predestination is not one of them.
The doctrines of Predestination and free-will are complicated, and those on both sides tend to debate endlessly, getting lost in the complexity of it all. In the church, there exists the belief that, before any humans were born, God picked out which of them would spend eternity with Him and which ones would end up in eternal conscious torment. Essentially, those whom God chose were saved before they were born, and those who were not, end up suffering for eternity, with free-will having zero effect.
Theology and Quantum Physics
The science of Quantum Mechanics is a branch of Physics that attempts to observe, calculate, measure, and understand the unpredictable behavior of matter (particles), light and energy occurring at the atomic level of the micro-world within the present continuum of time, matter, and space. It is a complicated field of study which makes attempts to answer questions about the universe, while at the same time creating more questions than answers.
The Quantum world operates under dramatically different laws than the physical macro-world of conditions, events, and circumstances. It then attempts to break them down into their most basic forms at the sub-atomic level to discover how everything in the Cosmos has come into existence and what the source is where they were derived.
“His dominion is an eternal dominion; his kingdom endures from generation to generation. All the peoples of the earth are regarded as nothing. He does as he pleases with the powers of heaven and the peoples of the earth. No one can hold back his hand or say to him: ‘What have you done?'” (Dan 3:34-35 NIV)
Within the church, the mention of Quantum Physics seems eerie, complex, overwhelming, intimidating, or hard to understand when considering what the Bible teaches about Creation and the order of the Cosmos. However, after years of study, I truly believe that it is no threat to orthodox teachings of the founding fathers of the faith and the authority of God’s written Word, the Bible.
“By faith, we understand that the universe was formed at God's command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.” (Heb 11:3 NIV)
The study of Quantum Physics can help to bring clarity and understanding of the Creator’s sovereign knowledge of the future as well as His divine providence and predestination without hindering the free will of human beings. God is exponentially beyond human logic and understanding. Quantum Physics can help in understanding Him and how He can elect Believers to salvation as well as understanding that human beings can still have a choice to accept freely or reject His love without Him having already determined that a person cannot choose otherwise or resist His grace (See Deut 30:19; Luke 13:34; Acts 4:28; Eph 1:11).
God does not travel through time at the same rate as human beings, yet He remains engaged with them through all of history. The timeless God entered into time with His created and continually works together with them to achieve His absolute and ultimate plan. The Quantum world opens up understanding that there is no ‘before’ with God. God exists in the eternal ‘present,’ at the same moment then as now and sees the past, present, and the future, from the same point.
One of God’s attributes is that He is omnipresent, so He simultaneously is at every point in time as we understand it. He knows what every person on the planet will choose, but He still allows them to choose because He loves everyone individually.
The discoveries of Quantum Physics do not undercut the four foundational truths of the Reformation that salvation is by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, according to the Scriptures alone. Quantum Physics has opened up the reality that God could know, on multi-dimensional levels, everything that does or will happen as well as what a human being would freely choose if placed in any circumstance.
One of the most significant debates in the church today is regarding God’s sovereignty and human responsibility. This discussion has divided the church and created multiple divisions and denominations. Quantum Physics provides more providential latitude of both divine sovereignty and human freedom than traditional human schools of thought.