Summary: Take a look into the Genealogy of Jesus Christ to see God’s grace for sinners, love for Jews and gentiles, and God’s providence.

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Synoptic Gospels

(Matthew, Mark, and Luke)

- German scholars started to question the many similarities throughout the gospels and so assumed that there were different sources to which the gospel writers copied. They believe that either the writers copied from each other or copied from the same source.

- They concluded that the first gospel written was the book of Mark. They conclude that all of the similarities between the three synoptic gospels derived from Mark. Both Luke and Matthew used the book of Mark as a source when writing thus explains all of the similarities.

- Than they found that Matthew and Luke contained word for word text that Mark did not contain.

- They conclude that Matthew and Luke must have used two different sources when writing their gospels. They named the two sources as Mark and “Q.” They use the “Q” source to explain the material that Matthew and Luke both contain, but Mark does not.

- Note: there is absolutely no evidence of a “Q” source. This is all speculation.

- Another came along and started to question the difference between Matthew and Luke. Luke has some text uniquely to itself and so does Matthew.

- These scholars came up with two more sources, M and L.

- The “M” source stands for the text unique only to Matthew.

- The “L” source stands for the text unique to only Luke.

- The conclusion of all of this was:

- Mark- The first gospel written and the source that provided all of the similarities within all three synoptic gospels.

- “Q”- The source that provided the similarities between Matthew and Luke, but not Mark.

- “M”- The source which provided the material only unique to Matthew.

- “L”- The source which provided the material only unique to Luke.

- So all together they came up with four sources, “Mark, Q, M, and L.”

- I personally do not hold to this view. I believe that all scripture is God breathed. All scripture is fully inspired by God through His chosen writers.

- Is all of this really a big deal?

- Yes!

- It calls into question the integrity of Scripture itself.

• Each Gospel was written by a different author to different audiences for a different purpose.

• So each unique part of each Gospel is to give a different picture of Jesus Christ to that particular crowd.


- Matthew was writing primarily to a Jewish crowd.

- The Jews knew the promises of the O.T. Messiah, so Matthew wants to show Jesus as the King that was, is, and is to come.

- Hebrew / Messiah = Anointed

- Greek / Christ = Anointed

- Anointed one’s lead people from idolatry to follow the one true God.

- Who would be an O.T. Messiah? Moses / David

- Jesus is our Messiah, or Christ, which delivers us from our sin and leads us to the one true God.

- Remember that Matthew is going to have some different information because he is writing to a different crowd.

- If I was explaining something to a college student vs. a sixteen year old, I would relay a story in a different manner. I would use illustrations uniquely to that individual so they would understand it to the best of their knowledge.

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