Summary: Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.
He taketh away the first. Hebrews 10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second. (The word “first” here refers to sacrifices and offerings. He takes them away; that is, he shows that they are of no value in removing sin. He states their inefficacy, and declares his purpose to abolish them.
That he may establish the second - To wit, the doing of the will of God. The two stand in contrast with each other, and he shows the inefficacy of the former, in order that the necessity for his coming to do the will of God may be fully seen. If they had been efficacious, there would have been no need of his coming to make an atonement. The Second is the sacrifice of Jesus Christ for the atonement of sin, once and for-all. God, as a person admits sin and a lost status, takes away the former man and establishes the second, eternal man. A change in attitude, structure, appearance and life style. God is willing to accept you as you are but He refuses to leave you as you were. The 1st. or Law, was limited to the House of Israel (The Jews), but the second was perfect, in that, There would be no more need for yearly sacrifices or a human priest-hood to establish laws of Rituals or conduce. The second was also perfect in fact because a human sacrifice was made. Not just any human tho but a perfect human in every aspect.) 1Peter 2:10 Which in time past were not a people(Gentiles), but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy. Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; 1Jo 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God. (The law never forgave sins but only delayed them for another year.) Gal 5:18 But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.(Speaking of the Jews, for the Gentiles were never under the law.)
Rom 10:3 For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. (The righteousness of man is flawed so that they are not covered under any type of deliverance nor salvation. The righteousness of man was and still is a deception that leads to death of body and soul. The righteousness of man was and still is as a filthy rag, not only in the sight of God but also to those that believe in Christ and Gods word. God takes away you sin and gives you deliverance, He takes away your nakedness and clothes you, He takes away your fear and gives you peace, He takes away what you thought you knew and gives you knowledge of the ages. He takes away your unrighteousness and gives you His righteousness. He takes away you confusion and gives you a sound mind. He takes away the Law of Judgment and gives you the Law of Mercy. He takes away your Mortal life and gives you Eternal life.) 1Co 13:10 But when that which is perfect is come,(Jesus) then that which is in part (The Law)shall be done away. (Not done away with but replaced for the adding of the gentile race to be included in the plan of salvation.) 2Co 3:11 For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious. (Both the Law of Judgment and the New Testament Law of Mercy were both Glorious. In that they accomplished what they were designed to do.) Hebrews 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away. (This is the replacement of the old with the new.) Gal 5:4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace. (Showing that man can fall from grace(Back-sliding) 1Co 9:21 To them that are without law, as without law, (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,) that I might gain them that are without law. (Not trying to gain those that are not bound by the Mosaic Law with the Law but trying to gain them with the Law of Grace and Mercy.) Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. (The Bible tells us that without a Law there is not transgression of any Law and there-by, there is no sin.) Barnes states,”Nay, I had not known sin - The word translated “nay” alla means more properly but; and this would have more correctly expressed the sense, “I deny that the Law is sin. My doctrine does not lead to that; nor do I affirm that it is evil. I strongly repel the charge; but, notwithstanding this, I still maintain that it had an effect in exciting sins, yet so as that I perceived that the Law itself was good;” Romans 7:8-12. At the same time, therefore, that the Law must be admitted to be the occasion of exciting sinful feelings, by crossing the inclinations of the mind, yet the fault was not to be traced to the Law. The apostle in these verses refers, doubtless, to the state of his mind before he found that peace which the gospel furnishes by the pardon of sins.