True confession: I don’t like salespeople. (If you are employed in sales, I am begging your forgiveness. I am an awful, grouchy curmudgeon in need of something like deep inner healing. Please forgive me.)
In the spirit of vulnerability, let me explain.
I don’t like walking into a store and being hounded by groups selling their cookies, popcorn, discount cards, or soliciting donations for one thing or another. I want to be able to walk into a store, purchase my carefully selected items, and get out. I get uncomfortable in meetings with people selling insurance or legal services, particularly when they are working so hard to sell me something I don’t want. And don’t get me started with used car salesmen. On one occasion I had a car salesman grab my stomach as if to tickle me. I walked off his lot. I should have called the cops! I find my pulse racing and palms sweating in encounters with salespeople.
My aversion towards people in sales may be based on a stereotype. But it is a stereotype I have encountered way too often when people pretend to be interested in my needs/desires as a customer, but actually have one thing on their mind: their sales commission. Fueled by their desire to “close the deal,” they push and pry, manipulate and exaggerate. Do you know the fake toothy grin, overly firm handshake, and I-am-your-friend-trust-me tone in their voice?
No thank you.
I wonder if the caricature I have created is how we in the church appear to the outside world, when we try too hard? When we in church leadership are obsessing over numbers in the name of “church growth,” but when in reality we need more people attending our services to feed our fragile ego, do we come across as the pretentious salesperson hiding behind a facade of niceties? Do we come across as inauthentic when we want a growing list of names in our new member class, but care little for the actual people represented by the list of names?
Church as a Consumer Enterprise
Evangelicalism in America has in modern times wrestled with the temptation to be completely overrun with customer-oriented business practices where people become commodified and quantified as “revenue,” enabling local churches to evaluate themselves in terms of member-profitability. Richard Halverson, chaplain of the US Senate in the 1980s and early 1990s, has been quoted as saying:
In the beginning the church was a fellowship of men and women centering on the living Christ. Then the church moved to Greece, where it became a philosophy. Then it moved to Rome, where it became an institution. Next it moved to Europe where it became a culture, and, finally, it moved to America where it became an enterprise.
The temptation is real for those of us in pastoral leadership. It is real for me. I feel the impulse to forsake the pastoral vocation of word and sacrament, prayer and disciple-making, in favor of becoming a CEO who gets things done. While in seminary in the late 1990s, I first began to see the call of a pastor was to serve God’s people and cooperate with the work of the Holy Spirit in making disciples. Theology opened up to me while in seminary. I began to see the work of theology as the pastor’s tool in the disciple-making process.
I Wanted to Be a Success
While serving my first church in the 2000s, I continued to read theologically and participate in academic conferences. I just couldn’t shake the world of theological books, essays, research, position papers, concepts, constructs, etc. I found a way both to grow as a pastor and continue to pursue my love for academics by working towards a doctor of ministry degree at Asbury Theological Seminary over ten years ago. Asbury has since overhauled their D.Min. program building it around a cohort system, but when I was working on my D.Min. we each chose a certain emphasis. I chose “Christian Leadership.”
As a young pastor, I wanted to grow as a leader because I wanted to be a success. I wanted to grow a large church because I wanted to be great in the church world. Somehow along the way I lost the simple truth that the greatest is the servant of all.
I had lost the heart of the pastoral vocation. I was quickly turning the church’s ministry into a consumer enterprise.
My church gave me the responsibility over the youth ministry of our rural church and I bought into a consumer-driven philosophy of ministry that promised: “If you can dream it and plan it, then you could build it!” Building “it” meant setting numeric goals to reach at certain intervals to measure success, which I sadly defined by the total number of participants in our youth ministry.
Faithfulnesss by Theology and Liturgy
As I continued to read as a young pastor, God used a number of authors to lead me to a complete overhaul of my own philosophy of ministry. These authors included Eugene Peterson, Dallas Willard, Richard Foster, Michael Slaughter, Tim Keller, and others. In their own unique way, each one helped me to unlearn many of the unhealthy habits and faulty ways of thinking about the life of the local church. I began to see success in pastoral ministry is not measured by numbers, but by faithfulness to the gospel. The local church isn’t a corporation seeking to increase revenue every quarter. The local church is the flesh and blood presence of Jesus in the world.
We can learn from business leaders and business models as Bill Hybels reminds us every year at Willow Creek’s Global Leadership Summit. Certainly there is wisdom to be found in leading people, navigating through conflict, recruiting volunteers, creating structures and systems of workflow, financial stewardship, etc. I am in favor of learning what we can, but corporate, for-profit, business models cannot become the impetus behind the mission of the church. The local church is not driven by objectives and goals as much as she is driven by theology and liturgy. With quarterly goals driving a leadership team or church staff or church membership, it will not be long until that local church becomes formed in consumerism, a chief enemy to disciple-making in America.
Theology, what we think and say about God, and liturgy, the practices that form us into the people of God, keep us rooted and grounded in the mission of God.
Theology and liturgy keep us focused on Jesus.
Theology and liturgy keep us centered in the Trinitarian life of God.
Theology and liturgy keep us in a position to be formed and shaped by the Spirit.
Theology and liturgy create tradition to pass on the faith to the next generation.
Theology and liturgy allows us to remain faithful to the gospel.
And perhaps for my own benefit in light of my own idiosyncrasies, theology and liturgy preserve us in the true pastoral vocation, keeping us from becoming yet another salesperson trying to sell people a religion they don’t want.
If you want to go further in exploring how theology and liturgy shape our pastoral vocation invest some time in the wisdom of Eugene Peterson. Start with his memoir The Pastor and then move on to his trilogy of books on pastoral ministry: Five Smooth Stones for Pastoral Work, Working the Angles, and Under the Unpredictable Plant.
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